Taking a closer look at the genealogy according to Luke, it says “Jesus, … being, as reckoned by law, son of Joseph” according to The Scriptures 2009 and “Jesus … He was the son, so it was thought, of Joseph” according to New International Version.
In Greek it reads “huios” instead of “son (of)”. Huios means “a son (by birth or adoption), descendant”.
Figuratively speaking is it everyone who has ‘the same nature/character’ as their father.
The translation “so it was thought” is from the Greek “enomizeto”. It is from the verb “nomizo”, which derives from “nomos” and that means “law”. Nomizo means “I practice, according to customs, I consider/think/suppose/assume”. The best translation of enomizeto would be “according to customs”:
“Now Jesus himself was about thirty years old when he began his ministry. *He was according to customs the son of Joseph, the son of Heli,*”
* He was – ben [adoptive son]-Joseph, ben [son in law]-Heli, …
Thus, Luke begins his list of genealogy. According Greek translation he only mentions one time the word for son: “huios” in verse 23, which both can be by birth or by adoption. He continues with: “tou Heli tou Matthat tou Levi tou Melki, …”. Translated: “the Heli, the Matthat, the Levi, the Melki, …”.
Matthew begins his list of genealogy different. He starts with mentioning whose genealogy it is by placing some kind of a title: “Yeshua HaMashiach ben-David ben-Avraham”; in Greek: “Iesou Christou huiou Dauid huiou Abraam”. When he starts his list, he speaks about “beget” and he begins with Abraham. He ends with Joseph, who is the husband of Miryem, from whom Yeshua was born. By the time he reached from Joseph to Yeshua, he does not speak about “beget”, just like he did not in the title of his genealogy list. This “beget” corresponds with the Hebrew word “zera”.
Luke his list is the genealogy of Miryem/Maria, whose father is Heli. Matthew his list is the genealogy of Joseph, who is married to Miryem. Joseph did not take her son Yeshua as his “stepson” but has adopted him. Joseph was the one who took Yeshua on his 8th day to the Temple for circumcision.
Genesis 49:10 says that the scepter will not be removed from Yehudah/Judah, until Shiloh comes. I find it remarkable that when the children of Israel wanted a king, our God anointed the Benjaminite Saul/Sha’ul to be king through His prophet Samuel/Shmu’el. The only connection David ben-Yisai [son of Jesse], from the tribe of Yehudah/Judah had, was his covenant with Saul’s son Jonathan (1 Samuel 18-20). And jet, David was anointed to be king by His prophet Samuel, although Saul was still alive and a king.
To David our God said that his zera [zar-acha זרעך your zera] after him [achareicha אחריך = after thee (i.e. after David has passed away)] will reign and that he will build a house for יהוה [YHWH] (2 Samuel 7:12-13). And that is exactly what happened! Solomon, David his son, reigned over – what I called – Great Israel and he build a house for יהוה. However, there is also said that his throne in his kingdom will be ad-olam [forever/till eternity] and that is something that did not happened. The son of Solomon did not reign over Great Israel, but over a small part of it, the southern kingdom named Judea. Also, his descendants, all the way to Jeconiah/Coniah. After him it stops. The sescendants of Coniah are not seen as successors for the throne by יהוה, our God (Jeremiah 22:28-30; 2 Kings 24:6-16; Jeremiah 39:6; 2 Kings 25:7). So, how about it? Did our God made a promise to David which He – The Almighty One and All Known – could not keep in the and after all? Another question we need to find an answer too.